• “You may well ask: ‘Why direct action? Why sit ins, marches and so forth? Isn't negotiation a better path?’ You are quite right in calling for negotiation. Indeed, this is the very purpose of direct action. Nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a crisis and foster such a tension that a community which has constantly refused to negotiate is forced to confront the issue. It seeks so to dramatize the issue that it can no longer be ignored. My citing the creation of tension as part of the work of the nonviolent resister may sound rather shocking. But I must confess that I am not afraid of the word ‘tension.’ I have earnestly opposed violent tension, but there is a type of constructive, nonviolent tension which is necessary for growth.” - Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

    April 12, 1963: Dr. King is arrested arrested for violating a state circuit court injunction against protests, after leading a march. King is placed in solitary confinement in the Birmingham jail where he will over the next four days write "Letter From Birmingham Jail."

    Direct Action in 5 Steps

    (Slightly updated to factor in the full lifecycle of direct action and the inclusivity of secular organizers and activists)

    Step 1: Collection

    Step 2: Negotiation

    Step 3: Preparation

                  (Self-purification)

    Step 4: Direct Action

    Step 5: Absorption

     

    April 12, 1963: Dr. King is arrested arrested for violating a state circuit court injunction against protests, after leading a march. King is placed in solitary confinement in the Birmingham jail where he will over the next four days write "Letter From Birmingham Jail."

    April 12, 1963

     

     

     

     

    Birmingham, Alabama

    Dr. King is arrested arrested for violating a state circuit court injunction against protests, after leading a march. King is placed in solitary confinement in the Birmingham jail where over the next four days he will write the "Letter From Birmingham Jail."